Richard Atcherley and his hopes for posterity

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“Richard Atcherley, Esq. … [died] without issue, 27 Feb. 1834, whereupon the male line of the Atcherley family failed…” – John Burke and John Bernard Burke (1847), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland.

Richard Atcherley, 1763-1834: M.I. at Middle

The Marton estate in the Shropshire parish of Middle had been home to Richard’s branch of the Atcherley family for over two centuries, but on his death in 1834 there were no male Atcherley heirs to inherit the estate and perpetuate the family name there. Richard, however, had prepared for this. A little problem like the failure of the male line of his family was not going to bring an end to the Atcherleys of Marton if he could help it.

As can be seen from the memorial inscription above, Richard Atcherley was born at Marton 15 October 1763. He was baptised at St Peter’s church in Middle the same day, and was named after his father, Richard Atcherley senior (who had been baptised at Loppington on 24 Feb 1731/2).

Richard Atcherley senior had certainly done his bit to keep this branch of the Atcherley family going, having married twice. His first marriage is not mentioned by the Burkes in their Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary. I myself had not linked the wedding of “Richard Atcherly of St Dunstans, & Anne Baker of Cobham” at Strood in Kent on 9 September 1751, to this particular Richard Atcherley. Were it not for the following report in the London Evening Post I would probably never have made the connection:

Last Tuesday was married, at Stroud in Kent, Mr. Atcherly, Nephew to Mr. Atcherly, near Wem in Shropshire, to Miss Nanny Baker, Daughter of Mr. Thomas Baker, Shopkeeper, in Cobham, Kent.

Anne had been baptised at Cobham on 9 January 1727, so she would have been about 24 when she married Richard, who was just 19 years of age. It appears that the couple lived in London, where they had a daughter who was named after Richard’s mother, Dorothy. The parish register of St Andrew Holborn shows the baptism of Dorothy, daughter of Richard and Ann Atcherley of Dean Street, Fetter Lane on 30 March 1753 – and her burial a little over six weeks later on 15 May 1753. I am not aware of any other children born to Richard and Anne, and it seems likely that Anne herself died not long after she lost her daughter.

The next appearance made by Richard in a parish register was on the occasion of his second marriage, to Jane Hughes, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Hughes, vicar of Loppington. The wedding took place at Loppington on 18 September 1760, and the parish register shows that Richard was a widower, of the parish of Middle in the county of Salop. Both bride and groom signed the register, as did the witnesses, John Cheshire and Jane’s sister Apphia (or Aphia) Hughes. Richard, now 28, had once again married a bride aged about 24, Jane having been baptised at Shawbury in Shropshire on 7 January 1736.

Richard’s second marriage was also a relatively short one, lasting less than six years and ending, like his first, with a death. This time however it was Richard who went to an early grave. He died, at the age of 34, on 22 April 1766 and was buried at St Peter’s church in Middle four days later. He left his wife with five young children: Dorothy, Jane, Richard junior, Elizabeth, and Thomas.

Dorothy, Jane and Elizabeth Atcherley all married and had one or more children. Dorothy became the wife of the Rev. Robert Taylor,  Jane wed Chester solicitor David Francis Jones while Elizabeth married Robert Corbett of Liverpool, Lancashire. Thomas Atcherley died without issue in July 1801 (for more on Thomas – and a little more on Richard – see The Life and Crimes of Thomas Atcherley). This left Richard Atcherley junior as the only surviving male heir. He married Elizabeth Edwards, daughter of Robert Edwards Esquire of The Razees (later renamed Bosbury House) at Bosbury in Herefordshire, on 26 May 1792 in her home parish. As we know, this marriage produced no children, but Richard was nonetheless determined to secure the future of the Atcherleys of Marton. The method by which he did so can be summed up with the old saying, “Where there’s a will, there’s a way.”

The probate copy of Richard’s last will and testament is held by The National Archives . It is very difficult to read in many places but there is much that is legible, and Richard wrote at length! In his will, “Richard Atcherley of Marton in the Parish of Middle in the County of Salop Esquire” left his lands and property in Shropshire and Montgomeryshire to his nephew, David Francis Jones, Barrister at Law and, after the decease of that nephew, to his great nephew, David’s son, also named David Francis Jones. After the death of the younger David Francis Jones the estate was to pass to his first lawfully begotten son, or (in the event of that son predeceasing his father) to the next oldest surviving son. In the absence of such offspring, the estate was to go to another of Richard Atcherley’s nephews, Robert Falconer Corbett, and his legitimate male heir. Next in line, should Robert not produce any such heirs, was Robert’s brother Arthur Corbett, and his legitimate male heir. Last in line, in the event that no rightful heirs were produced by any of those already mentioned, was Richard’s nephew Whitney Taylor and his first lawfully begotten son (or the next oldest surviving son).

So the Marton estate was to stay within the family – but how to preserve the Atcherley name? Richard had thought of that too. Anybody inheriting his estate, if not already using the surname and bearing the arms of Atcherley, was directed to “use in all deeds and writings whereto and wherein he or they shall or may be a party or parties and upon all other occasions the Surname of Atcherley only and bear the Arms of Atcherley only and shall and do within the space of one year then next ensuing apply for and endeavour to obtain an act of parliament or proper Licence from the Crown or take such other means as may be requisite and proper to enable and authorise him or them respectively to take use and bear the said Surname and Arms of Atcherley.” If these conditions were not met, the estate would go to the next in line.

Less than a month after Richard Atcherley’s death, the following notice appeared in the London Standard:

The King has been pleased to grant unto David Francis Jones, of Marton, in the parish of Middle, in the county of Salop, and of Cymmau, in the county of Flint, Sergeant at Law, his authority, that he and his issue may, in compliance with the last will and testament of his late maternal uncle, Richard Atcherley, of Marton aforesaid, Esq., deceased, henceforth take and use the surname of Atcherley, in lieu of that of Jones, and also bear the arms of Atcherley only.

At a later date, a memorial to Richard was placed inside St Peter’s church at Middle. The inscription upon it reads as follows:

SACRED
TO THE MEMORY OF
RICHARD ATCHERLEY ESQUIRE
OF MARTON
IN THIS PARISH.
HE WAS BORN AT MARTON
ON THE 15TH DAY OF OCTOBER 1763,
AND DIED THERE
ON THE 27TH DAY OF FEBRUARY 1834.
HE WAS A MAN OF INTEGRITY
AND SINCERITY
HE MAINTAINED THROUGH LIFE
A STEADY UNPRETENDING
SENSE OF RELIGION,
AND LOOKED FOR
THE RESURRECTION OF THE JUST.

IN AFFECTIONATE AND GRATEFUL
REMEMBRANCE OF HIM
THIS STONE IS ERECTED
BY HIS NEPHEW
DAVID FRANCIS ATCHERLEY
SERJEANT AT LAW.

At the top of the large stone tablet bearing this inscription, the Atcherley arms are carved. Below them is inscribed the family motto, SPE POSTERI TEMPORIS, a Latin phrase which various authors have translated as meaning “in hope of the time to come” or “in hope of the future.” My own grasp of Latin is limited, but given the lengths Richard went to in order to secure the future of the Atcherleys of Marton, I believe the motto has more to do with the hope for or promise of a time of future generations.

Atcherley arms and motto


Images by the author.


References

[1] John Burke and John Bernard Burke (1847), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume I, page 32. Copy viewed at Google Books.
[2] Memorial inscriptions at St Peter’s church, Middle, Shropshire. See MIs at Myddle St Peter (2) for photographs and transcriptions.
[3] Middle, Shropshire parish register covering 1763, entry for baptism of Richard Atcherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P01576-1, Film 908237.
[4] Loppington, Shropshire parish register covering 1731/2, entry for baptism of Richard Atcherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch C04816-3, Film 429034.
[5] Strood, Kent parish register covering 1751, entry for marriage of Richard Atcherly and Anne Baker. Copy viewed at CityArk website.
[6] London Evening Post, issue 3735, 26 Sep 1751.
[7] Cobham, Kent parish register covering 1751, entry for Copy of Cobham parish register viewed at CityArk website.
[8] St Andrew Holborn, London, Middlesex parish register covering 1753, entries for baptism and burial of Dorothy Atcherley. Copy viewed at Ancestry – London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812.
[9] Loppington, Shropshire marriage register covering 1760, entry for Richard Atcherley and Jane Hughes. Copies viewed at Shropshire Archives and at Findmypast. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch I03467-9; Film 1701251, Ref ID 5.
[10] Shawbury, Shropshire parish register covering 1736/7, entry for baptism of Jane Hughes. Copies viewed at Shropshire Archives and at Findmypast. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch C05390-2, Film 918792.
[11] FamilySearch shows the marriage of Richard Atcherley and Elizabeth Edwards. Batch M01724-1, Film 0973142 IT 2.
[12] Hereford Journal, 6 Jun 1792, page 3.
[13] Notes and Queries, no. 190, 17 Aug 1901. OCR transcript viewed at Scholars Portal.
[14] Will of Richard Atcherley Esquire of Middle, Salop. Proved 24 Apr 1834 (Prerogative Court of Canterbury). Copy downloaded from The National Archives, reference PROB 11/1829/401. Copy also viewed at Ancestry – England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858.
[15] The Standard (London, England), issue 2142, 24 Mar 1834.
[16] John Burke, John Bernard Burke (1844), Heraldic illustrations. Page 279. Copy viewed at Google Books.
[17] James Fairbairn (year unknown), Fairbairn’s Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland. Page 77. Copy viewed at Google Books.


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4 Responses to Richard Atcherley and his hopes for posterity

  1. David G Boon says:

    You may be interested to know that Arthur Corbett who is mentioned on this page as being a nephew of Richard Atcherley was employed as the Superintendent at the Signal Station at Mount Nelson, Hobart Tasmania. He died in Hobart in 1863. The 200th anniversary of the establishment of the Signal Station is being celebrated this year.

  2. Steve says:

    Thank you for that information David, it ties in neatly with two documents signed by Arthur in 1857 (at Shrewsbury), which I have examined at Shropshire Archives. Arthur said in those statements that he was “of Mount Nelson, Overtown, Tasmania” – however in one of the statements the word Overtown is crossed out and replaced with Hobart.

    The bundle of documents I looked at included the last will and testament of Arthur’s brother Robert Falconer Corbett, dated 4 June 1826 when Robert was a merchant in Santa Marra or Belem in the province of Para, Brazil (he was appointed as Her Majesty’s Consul at Maranham in Brazil in 1842). In his will, Robert described Arthur as a “Lieutenant in His Britannic Majesty’s Navy Royal.”

    This information all seems to tie in with something I have just found in volume 14 of the Asiatic Journal of 1834 (page 277), in the marriages section: “Nov. 25. At Sydney, Lieut. Arthur Corbett, R.N., to Anna Jane, widow of the late Mr. W. Rogers, under-sheriff of the colony.” The marriage, performed by the Rev Mr Pinkerton, Presbyterian Minister, was also the subject of a notice in The Sydney Monitor of 25 December 1833 and was registered in NSW (registration number V1833352 73A) in 1833 (the couple’s names being recorded as Arthur Corbett and Ann J Roger).

    That this marriage did involve “our” Arthur Corbett is confirmed by a death notice in The Mercury of Hobart on 1 October 1867: “CORBETT – On the 17th September, at the residence of her son-in-law, J. J. Stammers, Esq., Rocklands, Newham, Victoria, Anna Jane, relict of the late Lieut. Arthur Corbett, R.N., formerly of Mount Nelson and Sandy Bay, Tasmania.” Her death registration from Victoria (number 9563 of 1867) shows that she was aged 60 and that her parents were Garratt James and Catherine Bleeby.

    (FamilySearch shows the marriage of Jas. Hampton Garratt, age 33, and Catharine Bleby, age 24, on 20 Jan 1797 in Hampshire, England, and the baptism of Anna Jane Garratt, parents James and Catharine Garratt, on 15 May 1807 at Market Lavington, Wiltshire, England. And NSW marriage registrations include one for Walter Roger and Anna J Garratt in 1831, while the state’s death registrations include one for Walter Roger, age 23, in 1833.

    Arthur’s death, on 2 February 1863, was registered at Hobart (number 3709 of 1863). His age was given as 69, although he was actually 71 (having been born on 29 December 1791 according to the record of his baptism, on 1 February 1792, at the Paradise Street Unitarian Chapel in Liverpool, Lancashire).

    The National Probate Calendar of England & Wales shows that on 4 August 1865, “the Will with a Codicil of Arthur Corbett formerly of Mount Nelson but late of Hobart Town both in the Colony of Tasmania deceased who died 2 February 1863 at Hobart Town aforesaid was proved at the Principal Registry by the oath of David Francis Atcherley of Marton Hall in the County of Salop Esquire one of the Executors for Great Britain.” Arthur’s effects were under £450.

    Thanks for setting me off on this avenue of research, which has greatly expanded the information I had for Arthur Corbett!

  3. Kristine says:

    I have just read this page with great interest. My 3 x great grandmother is Anna Jane Garrett/Roger/Corbett, one who married Lieut Arthur Corbett in Sydney in 1833. Little is understood about Arthur Corbett.

    Steve do you have a direct connection with Arthur? I should be very interested in talking to you.

    Kris

    • Steve says:

      Hi Kris. I do have a connection to Arthur Corbett, albeit a rather distant one – we would both be descended from a shared Atcherley ancestor back in the 1500s. I’ll email you directly.

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