Revising the roots of the family tree

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For me, one of the benefits of writing up the Atcherley family history is that it makes me review – and sometimes revise – the work I have already done. In pulling together a story, I look again at the information I have (and often go looking for more), verify the sources of my data, and check to see that the conclusions I have drawn stand up to scrutiny. Often I make some new discoveries that corroborate my conclusions and enhance the story. Sometimes, however, the process highlights evidence which causes me to challenge my assumptions.

I began researching my Atcherley roots back in 2007. Following the standard process, I gradually went back a generation at a time using vital records, census data, parish registers, wills and so on, forming conclusions based on the available evidence. Along the way I also looked at the genealogical work of others, some carried out in recent times and some back to the 1800s. Rather than slavishly copying these researchers’ results, I used their family trees, and the sources within them, as reference material to compare with and support my own work.

Sometimes I have agreed with the relationships shown in those family trees, sometimes I haven’t. After all, a chain of parent-child relationships linked together to show a person’s ancestry does not necessarily represent an unbroken sequence of facts. It is a series of conclusions which have been formed using the evidence to hand. The same evidence can in some cases support different conclusions. And sometimes the evidence available to one genealogist is not available (or simply not found) by another. (See Edge of the tree no longer: Thomas Atcherley, alias Edge for an example of a how single record can change a family tree.)

Ultimately, I traced my mother’s lineage back through Fred, Henry (born out of wedlock), Mary, Samuel, John, John, Samuel, John and finally my 8x great grandfather, another John baptised in 1613, son of Richard Atcherley of Stanwardine in the Fields, Shropshire (see John Atcherley, draper of Shrewsbury). But now I believe that one of the links in that chain is, to say the least, suspect.

My doubts arose this week when I looked at the connections between the Atcherley and Elsmere families back in the 1600s, as a potential story for this website. Roger Atcherley, brother of my 8x great grandfather John, married Elizabeth Elsmere (daughter of Samuel Elsmere and his wife Alice, nee Leigh) in 1645. Then, in 1685, Elizabeth’s niece – another Elizabeth Elsmere (daughter of Samuel Elsmere junior and his wife Katherine, nee Stiles) – married Roger’s nephew (my 7x great grandfather) John Atcherley. Talk about keeping it in the family! But was everything as it appeared?

During my early research into the Atcherley family tree, I found that my 6x great grandfather Samuel Atcherley was baptised on 2 September 1687 at Shrewsbury St Mary in Shropshire and was the second son of John Atcherley of Newton and Elizabeth, nee Elsmere (see Samuel Atcherley’s true and perfect inventory (Part 1)). When I looked for the baptism of Samuel’s father, there was only one candidate to be found: John, the son of John Atcherley (and his wife Judith, nee Kynaston), also at Shrewsbury St Mary, on 11 February 1647/8. However, it turns out that the ‘available evidence’ upon which this conclusion was reached, was somewhat lacking.

The incomplete nature of the genealogical evidence available to us is one of the challenges faced by myself and my fellow Atcherley researchers (past and present). Not all life events were recorded, and of those life events which were committed to paper or parchment, not all of the records have survived. One example of a missing record is that of the baptism of John, son of the aforementioned Roger Atcherley and his wife Elizabeth, nee Elsmere.

Surviving baptismal records show that Roger and Elizabeth had three children.  “Elizabeth the daughter of Roger Acherley of Cotten was baptised the 30th day of May 1647” at Edstaston chapel in the parish of Wem. At the same place, six years later on 19 June 1653, “Roger the Son of Roger Acherley of Cotton” was baptised (the register of Shrewsbury St Mary then records “Rogger the Sonne of Rogger Acherley Buried ye 30th of march” 1657). Finally, in 1655 an entry in Baschurch All Saints’ parish register shows that “Mary the daughter of Roger Atcherley & Elizab. his wife of Stanwardine in the wood was borne the 28 day of June & baptized the 1 day of July”.

Less than seven years after the baptism of his daughter Mary, Roger Atcherley died. He was 46. According to the Baschurch parish register “Roger Atcherley of Stanwardine in the wood was buryed the 27th day of ffebruary” in 1661/2. He made a verbal will “on or aboute the twentith day of ffebruary” as follows:

… Roger Atcherley of Stanwardine in the wood in the County of Salop yeom beinge weake & sicke butt of sound minde & memorie (of which sicknes he dyed) did make and declare his will by word of mouth to the effect followinge, That his Sonne John should have his lands in Edstason & Whitchurch when he came to age And that the rest of his estate Should goe amongst his wief and two daughters accordinge to the Custome of the Countrey and named his wief Elizabeth and his daughter Elizabeth his execes [= executrixes] in the psense of the psons whose names are Subscribed

The mark of Elizabeth Atcherley and the signature of “John Elsmer” followed.

Roger’s son John was most likely born around 1650, between the births of Elizabeth and Roger junior. It is possible that he was born at Coton in the parish of Wem and baptised at Edstaston Chapel, but that the record of his baptism – if one was made – has not survived. The page of the Wem register showing entries for Edstaston around the time in question has baptisms for 1648, followed by an assortment of baptisms for 1653 and 1654 in seemingly random order. This suggests to me that the entries were made long after the baptisms had been carried out, probably from incomplete notes made on scraps of parchment. Any record made of baptisms from 1649 to the early part of 1653 appear to have been lost.

Edstaston St Mary

When I first added John to my Atcherley family tree I noted: “I have not traced any records for John other than his appearance in his father Roger’s will …”. Not only was there no record of his baptism, neither was there one of his burial. Nor was there any indication of an intervening marriage. Unless of course he was the John Atcherley who married Elizabeth Elsmere in 1685, a thought that struck me while reviewing my Atcherleys and Elsmeres over the last few days.

Contrasting the will of Roger Atcherley with that of his twice-married brother John, made in 1672, revealed an interesting fact. John left 5 shillings apiece to “sonnes & daughters by a former wiefe”, who were named as Edward, Richard, Elizabeth and Judith. He made no mention of a son named John, which suggests that he no longer had a son by that name. Furthermore, the Atcherley estate at Stanwardine did not descend to the younger John Atcherley who married Elizabeth Elsmere.

On re-checking the family trees and pedigrees compiled by others I have found that some, including the late Martyn Freeth of Shrewsbury (who was a highly respected genealogist), had arrived at the same conclusions that I originally had. But on looking at the pedigree notes made in the early 1800s by the Rev John Newling (1762 – 1838) (see Atcherleys reunited for more on this source) I now realise that Newling thought otherwise.

Included in one of the Rev Newling’s pedigrees were “John Atcherley of Newton on the Heath” and his wife “Eliz. Elsmere” who were married on 14 May 1685. In pencil, Newling scribbled next to John Atcherley’s details “Revd. J. A. said that he was born at M____” and also indicated that John was the son of “Atcherley of M____”.

“Revd. J. A.” was James Atcherley (1730 – 1804), a grandson of John and Elizabeth. I had thought that the rather unclear place name beginning with ‘M’ was a fanciful claim by James to Marton (the home of another branch of the Atcherley family) – but I now realise that the place referred to was Newton (on the Heath), in the parish of Shrewsbury St Mary. Finally, written by Newling in ink above the details for John and Elizabeth was “Eliza Atcherley of Newton”, buried 6 May 1692 – this, I believe, was Roger Atcherley’s widow Elizabeth.

Taking all of this into account it is now my belief that it was Roger Atcherley (born at Stanwardine in the Fields but later of Coton, Stanwardine in the Wood and Newton on the Heath) and his wife Elizabeth Elsmere who were my 8x great grandparents. My 7x great grandparents, John Atcherley and Elizabeth Elsmere, were ‘kissing cousins’ – first cousins to be precise. Which means that I am not descended from John Atcherley of Stanwardine and Shrewsbury, nor from his wife Judith Kynaston with her royal connections.

Having revised the roots of my family tree I now have some work to do. My online and offline Atcherley trees need amending, and a number of stories on this website must be updated!


Picture credits. Tree roots: Photo by the author. Links between the Atcherley and Elsmere families: Diagram by the author. Edstaston St Mary: Photo © copyright Michael Patterson, taken from Geograph, adapted, used, and made available for re-use under a Creative Commons licence. Links between the Atcherley and Elsmere families: Diagram by the author.


References.

[1] Baschurch, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 22 Sep 1615 for baptism of “Roger the sonne of Richarde Atcherley”. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Transcript viewed at Shropshire Archives. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch C03390-1, Film 510651.
[2] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 4 Apr 1645 for marriage of “Roger Atcherley & Elizabeth Elsmoore”. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Marriages. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 104; copies viewed at Internet Archive, Mocavo and at Mel Lockie’s website.
[3] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 19 Feb 1617/8 for “Elizabeth daughter off Sam Elsmere”. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P00681-1, Film 908234.
[4] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 2 Feb 1615/6 for marriage “Samuell Ellsmere and Ales Leighe”. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Marriages.
[5] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 25 Jan 1656/7 for baptism of “Elizabeth the daughter of Samuell Ellsmere”. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P00681-1, Film 908234.
[6] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 22 Apr 1647 for marriage of Samuell Elsmore and Katherin Stiles. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 104; copy viewed at Mocavo.
[7] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 8 Dec 1621 for baptism of Samuell Ellsmere. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 61; copy viewed at Mocavo.
[8] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register. Entry dated 14 May 1685 for marriage of “John Atcherley & Elizabeth Elismere”. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Marriages. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 179; copies viewed at Internet Archive, Mocavo and at Mel Lockie’s website.
[9] Shrewsbury St Mary, Shropshire, parish register covering 1687. Entry for baptism of Samuel Atcherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 186 viewed at Internet Archive, Mocavo and at Mel Lockie’s website. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P00681-1. Film 908234.
[10] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register covering 1647/8. Entry for baptism of John Atcherley. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 107; copies viewed at Internet Archive, Mocavo and at Mel Lockie’s website. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P00681-1. Film 908234.
[11] Wem, Shropshire, parish register (entries for Edstaston) covering 1647. Entry for baptism of Elizabeth Acherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1908), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume IX, Wem (volume I, page 170); copies viewed at Mocavo and Mel Lockie’s website. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P00897-1, Film 908233.
[12] Wem, Shropshire, parish register (entries for Edstaston) covering 1653. Entry for baptism of Roger Acherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1908), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume IX, Wem (volume I, page 171); copies viewed at Mocavo and Mel Lockie’s website. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P00897-1, Film 908233.
[13] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register covering 1657. Entry for burial of Rogger Acherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Burials. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 120; copies viewed at Internet Archive, Mocavo and at Mel Lockie’s website.
[14] Baschurch, Shropshire, parish register covering 1655. Entry for baptism of Mary Atcherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Transcript viewed at Shropshire Archives. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch C03390-1, Film 510651.
[15] Baschurch, Shropshire, parish register covering 1661/2. Entry for burial of Roger Atcherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Burials. Transcript viewed at Shropshire Archives.
[16] Will of Roger Atcherley of Baschurch, yeoman. Proved 30 Apr 1662. Copy from Lichfield Record Office, reference B/C/11. Indexed at Staffordshire Name Indexes.
[17] Wem, Shropshire, parish register for 1583 – 1647. Page 316 (Edstaston). Copy viewed at Findmypast – Parish Register Browse (page 318 of 321).
[18] Will of John Atcherley of Baschurch, gentleman. Proved 15 Oct 1672. Typed transcript viewed at Society of Genealogists, London. Electronic transcript supplied by Barbara Lang. Indexed at Staffordshire Name Indexes.
[19] Martyn Freeth (2010), The Family of Atcherley of Stanwardine and Marton. Unpublished Word document.
[20] Staffordshire Record Office item S. MS.269/1/14, undated, Pedigrees of families in Shropshire (etc) from the collection of the Revd. John Newling: Atcherley, co. Salop. Indexed at Gateway to the Past.
[21] St Mary, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, parish register covering 1692. Entry for burial of “Elizabeth Atcherley of Newton”. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1911), Shropshire Parish Registers, Diocese of Lichfield, volume XII, page 202; copies viewed at Internet Archive, Mocavo and at Mel Lockie’s website.


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Doctor Atcherley’s Casebook – Part 1

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There were two members of the Atcherley family named John who became doctors. The best known of the two was the Dr John Atcherley who was born in Lancashire and went to live in Hawaii. The other was born in Shropshire and went to live in …. Lancashire! I can’t give this Dr Atcherley his own TV show like the fictional Dr Finlay. But through this website I can at least bring his story to a limited online audience, and share details of some of the medical cases he was involved with.

John Atcherley was the third of three children (all boys) born to the Rev Roger Atcherley and his wife Mary (nee Rennell), who lived in Bridgnorth, Shropshire. According to their Family New Testament and Prayer Book, John was born at half past four in the afternoon on 18 June 1804, and was baptised on 1 July that year. I have found no record of this ceremony in any parish register however, so it may have been a private baptism at home. Another baptism took place five and a half years later on 12 Jan 1810, in nearby Tasley (church pictured above), and was performed by the Rev Joseph Morris.

There was a John Atcherley who entered Shrewsbury School in 1821 and left in 1823. Was he this John? It is tempting to think that he was, as one of the school’s former headmasters was John’s grandfather, the Rev James Atcherley. However there were several other boys around at the time who shared John’s name. The identity of this Salopian scholar remains unconfirmed.

On 3 January 1833 John married Mary Morris at the church of St Leonard in Bridgnorth. Mary was the daughter of Rev Joseph Morris, who had baptised John back in 1810. Although newspapers at the time referred to him as “the late Rev. Joseph Morris,” the Rector of Tasley was still very much alive. He did in fact pass away four years later in 1837.

The marriage register of Bridgnorth St Leonard shows that at the time of his wedding to Mary, John was residing in Liverpool. John returned to that city with his new wife, and it was there that the couple had two children. Eleanor Vickers Atcherley, evidently named for her grandaunt Eleanor Vickers (nee Atcherley), was baptised at the church of St Peter on 30 December 1833. Eleanor never married, and it appears that she shared her parents’ home until the death of her father. John Atcherley junior was also baptised at St Peter’s, on 9 August 1839, but he died at the age of 7 months and was buried at St Michael’s on 4 February 1839.

John Atcherley was, to begin with, an apothecary, or a chemist and druggist. Some of the earlier medical directories in which he appeared credited him with the qualification “L.S.A. Dub.” (as in the above entry in the British Medical Directory of 1853) or “L.S.A. Dublin” – Licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries, Dublin.

As Bird and Atcherley of “Gt. George’s pl” in Liverpool, John Atcherley and Richard Bird were listed as “Chymists & druggists” in Pigot & Co’s Directory of 1834. The two men did not restrict themselves to selling and administering medicinal drugs in the normal way however. During December 1833 and January 1834, they had the following advertisement printed in the Liverpool Mercury:


BATHS.
BIRD and ATCHERLEY,
CHEMISTS, GREAT GEORGE-PLACE,

BEING long aware of the necessity of BATHS in the southern part of the town, have just erected in a complete manner, and on improved principles, VAPOUR and MEDICATED BATHS, HOT and COLD PLUNGE BATHS, with SHOWER BATHS, regulated to any temperature. Should they be honoured by public patronage, every attention which personal superintendence can bestow, together with the suggestion of the Medical Profession, may be strictly relied on; as the application of any remedial agent, in the form of vapour, can be safely and effectually introduced.

AN APPRENTICE WANTED.


In December 1836, the partnership between Richard Bird and John Atcherley was dissolved by mutual consent. When the 1841 census was taken four and a half years later John, although still residing at Great George Place in Liverpool, was no longer a chemist and druggist. He was by this time a surgeon, having become a Licentiate of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons at Glasgow in 1840.

On the strength of his qualification from Glasgow, John was admitted an ad eundem (or honorary) Member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1855 (the arms of the College are shown right). It seems likely that by this time John and his family were no longer residents of 3 Great George Place, as the lease of that property was advertised as being for sale on 1 December 1851.

The Atcherleys may initially have moved to 75 Great George Place, an address which the Royal College of Surgeons gave for John in their Medical Registers of 1859 and 1863. John was also listed at this address in the 1860 Gore’s Directory covering Liverpool. However at the time of the census of 1861 the Atcherley family was at 22 St James Road, Mount Pleasant in Liverpool. They were still there in 1870 when John’s wife Mary Atcherley died (on 3 April), but by the following year John and his daughter Eleanor had relocated to 32 Windsor Street in Toxteth Park. They remained there for next two decades.

Although John Atcherley transitioned from apothecary to surgeon, he retained a strong interest in the chemical sciences and indeed in science generally. In 1838 he was listed as a member of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and in 1867 he joined the Anthropological Society of London. (It appears that he was also a Mason, belonging to Lodge No. 368, Lodge of Sincerity, at Liverpool.) On 24 February 1852, the Liverpool Mercury reported as follows on a lecture given by John, which was attended by his wife and daughter:

Lecture on Chemistry.—In St. Barnabas’s school, Greenland-street, on Wednesday evening last, John Atcherley, Esq., surgeon, of Great George-place, gave the second of a course of lectures illustrative of the chemistry of atmospheric air and water. These lectures were originally designed for the instruction of the senior pupils attending the school; but upon this occasion the urgent and reiterated requests of many members of the congregation and supporters of the school to be present were such as to induce Mr. Atcherley, in his usual spirit of philanthropy, to admit all.

It is impossible to speak too highly of the manner in which the lecturer treated the subject, both as regards the intelligibility of the language used, the definitions given of technicalities, and the numerous and truly-interesting experiments adopted as illustrations, which, combined, cannot fail to make a lasting impression on the minds of his audience, which was numerous and highly respectable.

From the earliest years of his career as a surgeon there was coverage of the medical cases in which Dr John Atcherley was involved, in the press and in medical journals. The earliest examples which I have found so far date back to 1841. A newspaper article from that year, reporting on Coroner’s Inquests held in November, highlighted the dangers of the demon drink:

The second inquest was on view of the body of James Wells, aged 50, a provision dealer, who resided in Upper Frederick-street. He had been complaining of illness for about a month past, and was found dead in his bed on Saturday morning last. Mr. Atcherley, surgeon, examined the body, and found violent inflammation of the stomach, combined with ulceration. The small intestines were also inflamed. The vessels of the brain were very much congested, and the heart much enlarged. It was his opinion that excessive drinking must have hastened the death of the deceased. Verdict accordingly.

The drink-related death of James Wells was far from an isolated incident. John Skillicorn, a master painter of Park Lane whose inquest was held in May 1852, was “another case arising from drunkenness.” He had gone to “Mr. Bird’s baths” – probably the same baths that Richard Bird had run with John Atcherley in the 1830s – “in a state of intoxication as he had often done before.” He was found “in a state of insensibility” and although John Atcherley was called in, Skillicorn died from apoplexy.

I am aware of another three of John Atcherley’s cases where alcohol sent men to the afterlife. In 1856 John Corliss, who was “addicted to drinking”, had “a three days’ ‘spree.’” Despite the care he received from Dr Atcherley after this, his condition worsened and he died at around 1:00 am on Friday 13 June. Then, in December 1862, ship’s carpenter David Marshall, aged 40, returned home from a voyage to the Baltic. He was “in a state of drunkenness” for a whole week until Saturday 4 January, and was found dead in his bed on Sunday 5th. John Atcherley “considered that death had resulted from intemperate habits, and the jury returned a verdict of ‘Died from excessive drinking.’”

Liverpool Dock Board office from Canning Graving Dock

The final example of this sort of case from Doctor Atcherley’s ‘casebook’ involved a 37-year-old sailor named Patrick O’Connor. On Wednesday 22 September 1886, after arriving in Liverpool from London, he “went to a house of ill-fame in Gore-street, in a very drunken state.” He remained there the following day, and after vomiting “very much” he drank “various glasses of whisky.” On Thursday evening he called for a doctor, but died before medical assistance could be given. From what he saw, and from what he was told of the case, Dr John Atcherley “had not the slightest doubt that the man had died from excessive drinking.”


Picture credits. Tasley church: Photo © copyright Row17, taken from Geograph; adapted, used, and made available for re-use under a Creative Commons licence. Entry in The British Medical Directory, 1853 (composite image from pages 171-2), out of copyright. Arms of the Royal College of Surgeons: image from Calendar of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, published 1880 and therefore out of copyright. Dock Board offices from the Canning Graving Dock, Liverpool: From a painting by J Hamilton Hay in Liverpool (at the Internet Archive website), published 1907 and out of copyright.


References.

[1] Information from Family New Testament and Prayer Book received from Sarah Williams via Barbara Lang.
[2] Tasley, Shropshire, parish register covering 1810. Entry for baptism of John Atcherley. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Abstract in Shropshire Parish Register Society (1898), Shropshire Parish Registers. Diocese of Hereford, Volume I, Tasley. Page 35. Copies viewed at the Internet Archive and Mel Lockie’s website. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch P01687-1, Film 95251.
[3] J E Auden (1906), Shrewsbury School Register, 1734-1908. Page 45. Copy viewed at the Internet Archive.
[4] St Leonard, Bridgnorth, Shropshire, marriage register covering 1833. Entry for John Atcherley and Mary Morris. Copies viewed at Shropshire Archives and at Findmypast – Shropshire Marriages. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch M08582-1, Film 502913, 510655.
[5] Berrow’s Worcester Journal, issue 6783, 10 Jan 1833, page 3. “Married.”
[6] Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 12 Jan 1833. “Married.”
[7] Sylvanus Urban (1837), The Gentleman’s Magazine, volume VII (New Series), July to December 1837, page 322. “Clergy Deceased.” Copy viewed at Google Books.
[8] Clergy of the Church of England Database (website, accessed 26 Jun 2015).
[9] St Leonard, Bridgnorth, Shropshire, parish register covering 1803. Entry dated 14 Mar 1803 for baptism of “Mary Daughter of the Revd Mr. Joseph Morris & Mary his Wife”. Copy viewed at Findmypast – Shropshire Baptisms. Transcript viewed at Shropshire Archives. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch C08582-1, Film 502913, 510655.
[10] St Peter, Liverpool, Lancashire, baptism register covering 1833. Entry for Eleanor Vickers Atcherley. Copy viewed at Ancestry – Lancashire, England, Births and Baptisms, 1813-1911. Abstract at Lancashire OPC website. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch I02046-5, Film 93880, Ref ID v 21 p 268.
[11] 1841 census of England and Wales. Piece 565, book 1, folio 26, page 1.
[12] 1851 census of England and Wales. Piece 2181, folio 443, page 15.
[13] 1861 census of England and Wales. Piece 2687, folio 88, page 7.
[14] 1871 census of England and Wales. Piece 3794, folio 34, page 8.
[15] 1881 census of England and Wales. Piece 3635, folio 118, page 7.
[16] Birth of John Atcherley registered at Liverpool, September quarter 1838; volume 20, page 408.
[17] St Peter, Liverpool, Lancashire, baptism register covering 1838. Entry for John Atcherley. Copy viewed at Ancestry – Lancashire, England, Births and Baptisms, 1813-1911. Abstract at Lancashire OPC website. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch I02053-5, Film 93882, Reference yr 1838-1838 p 163.
[18] Death of John Atcherley registered at Liverpool, March quarter 1839; volume 20, page 406 or 416.
[19] St Michael, Liverpool, Lancashire, burial register covering 1839. Entry for John Atcherley. Copy viewed at Ancestry – Lancashire, England, Deaths and Burials, 1813-1986. Indexed at FamilySearch, Batch B00096-3, Film 1068955.
[20] Mr Churchill (publisher) (1851), An Annual Retrospect of New Works and New Editions, page 292. Snippet viewed at Google Books.
[21] The British Medical Directory, 1853. Page 171. Copy viewed at the Internet Archive.
[22] Pigot’s Directory (1834), page 341 (Liverpool &c.)
[23] Liverpool Mercury, issue 1179, 6 Dec 1833, page 1. Also published 13 Dec 1833, 27 Dec 1833, 10 Jan 1834. Copies viewed at Findmypast – British Newspapers 1710-1953.
[24] London Gazette, issue 19454, 3 January 1837, page 18.
[25] Morning Chronicle, 12 Jan 1856, page 3. “Royal College of Surgeons.”
[26] General Medical Council (1859), Medical Register. Copy viewed at Ancestry – UK Medical Registers, 1859-1959.
[27] General Medical Council (1863), Medical Register. Copy viewed at Ancestry – UK Medical Registers, 1859-1959.
[28] Royal College of Surgeons (1865), Calendar of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Page 113. Copy viewed at Mocavo. Also later editions.
[29] Liverpool Mercury, 28 Nov 1851. “Valuable Freehold Property.”
[30] Gore’s Directory of Liverpool, 1860. Page 19. See: Directories Part 2.
[31] Slater’s Lancashire Directory, 1869. Page 435. See: Directories Part 2.
[32] Death of Mary Atcherley registered at Liverpool, June quarter 1870; volume 8b, page 95; age given as 65.
[33] Liverpool Mercury, issue 6925, 5 Apr 1870. “Deaths.”
[34] Toxteth Park Cemetery Inscriptions (website, accessed 26 June 2015).
[35] See: Lancashire MIs.
[36] Index to Toxteth Park Cemetery 1870 the consecrated part. At: Toxteth Park Cemetery website (accessed 26 Jun 2015).
[37] Kelly’s Directory of Liverpool 1881. Page 653. See: Directories Part 2.
[38] B.A.A.S (1838), List of Members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Page 18. Copy viewed at Hathi Trust website.
[39] Anthropological Society of London (1867), The Anthropological Review, volume V, page ccviii. Copy viewed at Google Books.
[40] Masonic Mirror, no. 11, 12 Jan 1859, page 75. Copy viewed at the Masonic Library website.
[41] Liverpool Mercury, 24 Feb 1852, page 5. “Lecture on Chemistry.”
Liverpool Mercury, 1 Oct 1841, page 8. Copy viewed at Findmypast – British Newspapers 1710-1953 (search term Atcher ley).
[42] Liverpool Mercury, 21 May 1852, page 8.
[43] Liverpool Mercury, 14 Jun 1856, page 5. “Sudden Deaths.”
[44] Liverpool Mercury, issue 4652, 7 Jan 1863, page 6. “Coroner’s Inquests.”
[45] Source: Liverpool Mercury, 27 Sep 1886, page 8. “Coroner’s Inquests.”


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