Philip Roger Atcherley: A Brit bounces back in the USA – Part 2

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 Delano & Atcherley, it will be observed by our advertising columns, have opened a new wholesale and retail Grocery establishment. They are enterprising men, and will keep fully up with the times. We hope to see them prosper. The Ottawa Free Trader (Illinois), 6 September 1856.

As we have seen, after his emigration from Britain to the USA Philip was, in 1860, working as a brick maker in Rome, Oneida County, New York. If my theory about Philip’s connection to the Powell family of Rome (and formerly of Shropshire, England) is correct, his address and his occupation in the 1860 US census may well have been those in which he first settled after arriving in America. And as we can see from the above newspaper comment, Philip later moved to Illinois. He did not go there directly from New York state however – Philip had at least one other temporary home during his journey between these two places.

When the Iowa State Census of 1856 was taken, “Pillip Acherly” aged 38, along with his wife Mary (35) and children Anna (18), Mary (16), James (14) and Sarah (12), all born in England, were recorded at Davenport township in Scott County. They had been there for less than a year, and they would be on the move again shortly after they were visited by the census enumerator. To pay his way, Philip was working as a clerk. Did the family live in any other places, where Philip found different types of employment, after leaving Rome and before arriving at Ottawa? If so, I have yet to find any evidence.

Delano & Atcherley, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Fancy & Staple GroceriesBy September 1856, in the town of Ottawa, LaSalle County, Illinois, Philip Roger Atcherley was at last back in business as a merchant. Not as a retailer of drapery, as he had been in England before his bankruptcy, but as a wholesale and retail grocer. It must have felt good to be trading again. The notice published in the advertising columns of The Ottawa Free Trader of 6 September 1856 by C Delano and P R Atcherley showed the range of “Fancy & Staple Groceries” they sold. With spelling and typographic errors corrected, the goods on sale were as follows:

GREEN and Black Tea, Coffee, Chocolate, West India Fruits, Pickles and Preserves, Candles, Common and Fancy Soaps, Catsup and Cordial, Meat and Fish Sauces, Tobacco and Cigars, Cider and Fancy Vinegar, Loaf, Clarified, Crushed, and Crude Sugar, Willow Work Baskets, Wooden and Earthen Ware, Grain Bags, Brushes, Brooms, Flour, Corn Meal, Bacon, Fish, Sardines, Oysters and Lobsters, French Mustard, Olive Oil, Figs, Dates, Prunes, imported Citrons, Currants, Green and Dried Fruits, Ground and [Unground] Cloves, Spices, Ginger, Cinnamon, Coffee, Pepper, &c., &c. [Macaroni], Cooper’s Baking Powder, [Worcestershire] Sauce, Nuts, Candies, Camphor, Cream Tartar, Rosin, Chalk, Tar, Ink, Indigo, wholesale and retail.

Delano and Atcherley’s advertisements in the Free Trader continued until at least 27 June 1857 – I have found none after that date and this suggests that the partnership may then have ended, with the Atcherley family moving elsewhere. Before they did, however, another Delano-Atcherley partnership was formed. This one involved Philip Atcherley’s daughter Mary.

The fate of Mary Atcherley after her appearance on the Iowa State Census of 1856 was a mystery to me for a long time. But some creative searching turned up a record which explained her ‘disappearance’ – a record from LaSalle County dated 23 October 1856 for the marriage of Mary ‘Acherly’ and Charles Delano.

It would appear that Charles was Philip Atcherley’s trading partner C Delano. At the age of 17 he was enumerated at Ottawa on the 1850 US census with his parents Loring and Sarah Delano, and two younger brothers. There were in addition 11 guests in the household, which was a hotel kept by Loring Delano and O Leavins (who lived on the premises too). Advertisements in The Ottawa Free Trader show that the hotel, known as Fox River House, was “on the canal, near the aquaduct” and that canal packets stopped there regularly.

John Hossack House, Ottawa, IL. Built in 1854–55, it would likely have been familiar to
Philip Roger Atcherley and his family.

It was perhaps with financial backing from his father that Charles went into business, as the senior partner despite his age, with Philip Atcherley. I imagine he was viewed as a ‘good catch’ for the young Mary Atcherley, who was 17 when she wed 23-year-old Charles, after what seems to have been a whirlwind romance! The official record of their marriage narrowed the age gap, as it shows that Mary was 18 and Charles 21.

Genealogists often find that solving a mystery simply reveals at least one more, and that has been the case with Mary Atcherley. After discovering that she married, I have found no further records relating to her! Although Charles Delano was recorded on the 1860 US census, still at Ottawa, Mary was not. That census, incidentally, shows that Charles was living with Oranzo Leavins (actually Leavens, no doubt the ‘O Leavins’ who was running the hotel with Loring Delano in 1850) and Oranzo’s wife Sarah. Sarah was in fact Charles Delano’s mother – she had married Oranzo Leavens on 27 Jan 1853, following Loring Delano’s death.

Sarah was not the only member of the Delano family to take a second spouse. On 10 June 1861, in Wisconsin, the widowed Charles Delano married Hannah Sarah Coudry. So now, instead of looking for a record of the death or marriage of Mary Atcherley, I need to find one for the death or burial of Mary Delano, probably in Ottawa, Ohio, between her marriage and the subsequent US census (1 June 1860). I wonder what happened to her, that she died so young?

By 1 June 1860, Philip Roger Atcherley was settled, with his family, in Newark, Ohio – but it is quite possible that he did not go there directly from Ottawa. The Missouri State Gazetteer and Business Directory of 1860 (containing information gathered during the previous year?) included an entry for “Ballew & Achorley, dry goods dealers.”

This appeared in the section of the directory covering Princeton, located appropriately enough in Mercer County. The Ballew side of the partnership was probably William B Ballew, who was enumerated at Princeton as a merchant on the 1860 census. According to the Pioneer Press of Mercer County, “Richard B. Ballew (1822-1897), a local public servant and philanthropist […] was credited with bringing the first stock of dry goods to Princeton, where he owned one of the state’s first department stores, and where he gave the order that no widows or orphans of Civil War Veterans were ever to be turned away.”

Was the ‘Achorly’ side of the business Philip Roger Atcherley? The spelling of the surname is wrong of course, but we have already seen several mutations of ‘Atcherley’ in this story! If, as I strongly suspect, this was Philip then his stint as a dry goods dealer in Princeton prepared him well for his life in Newark.

The earliest evidence I know of which shows that Philip and his family were in Newark, Ohio, is not the 1860 census but a column in a New York City newspaper, the Evening Express. A listing of visitors staying in the city’s hotels printed on 18 April 1860 included, at the Pacific Hotel, “P R Atcherly, Newark, O.” Was Philip visiting New York for business or pleasure? I suspect the former – he may well have been sourcing goods for his latest venture.

Map of North-eastern USA showing the towns and cities where Philip Roger Atcherley is known or believed to have lived: Rome, NY; Davenport, IA; Ottawa, IL; Princeton, MO; and Newark, OH

It appears that Philip Atcherley first ‘set up shop’ in Newark with Sturges Solomon Sigler, who was born near that city in 1834. In its obituary for Sigler in 1903, the Newark Advocate stated that “At the age of 16 he entered the employ of Seymour & Company, dry goods merchants, Newark, and five years later left them to form a partnership with Mr. A. C. Atcherley at Newark, under the firm name of Atcherley & Sigler.”

I don’t know how P R Atcherley became A C Atcherley in a newspaper which was very familiar with the family. There is something else in the Advocate’s report which doesn’t quite add up either. If Sturges Sigler started work aged 16 and then formed a partnership with Philip Atcherley five years later, that partnership would have begun in 1855 or ’56, when the Atcherleys were (as we have seen) elsewhere. One interesting thing we do learn from this obituary though, is that Philip and was finally in a partnership in which he took the leading role – after Delano & Atcherley, and possibly Ballew & Atcherley, he was heading up Atcherley & Sigler!

Sadly, copies of the Newark Advocate dating back to the years when Philip Atcherley was a merchant in the city have not been digitised and put online. A few of those from later years, however, like the issue which reported on Sturges Sigler’s death, provide some tantalising glimpses. These are found, once again, in the obituaries, such as that for Bennett V Caffee printed on 30 March 1896:

He was a good accountant and for a long time was bookkeeper and clerk for the Mary Ann Furnace Company and for the Hocking Furnace Company at Hocking Ohio. He was afterward secretary and book keeper for the old Licking and Coshocton coal company. He was also for some time cashier and book keeper for P. R. Atcherley who then kept the largest mercantile establishment in our city.

On 4 October 1919, by which time the paper had become the Newark Daily Advocate, an obituary for 77-year-old Miss Annie White noted that: “The deceased was the first woman clerk ever employed in a Newark store at an early age, several years before the civil war, she took her first position with Atcherly & Son, a firm which has long since gone out of business.”

From the above, we learn that Philip Atcherley’s store was Newark’s ‘largest mercantile establishment’, and that following its beginnings as Atcherley & Sigler, it became Atcherley & Son. Sturges Sigler left Newark for nearby Columbus in 1861, where he formed a new partnership: Harris & Sigler. Philip’s son James probably did not join his father in business until the end of 1862 or early 1863, by which time he had left the 31st Ohio Volunteers (see James Roger Atcherley’s American Civil War). In a blog post about Christmas in Newark during the 1860s, which appears to have drawn information from locally held copies of the Advocate, it was noted that in 1863: “The Atcherly & Son dry goods store announced that it would close for Christmas day, but it had a new supply of winter clothing.”

In 1866, the Atcherleys’ dry goods store closed for good. The following notice appeared in the Columbus Morning Journal of 7 August 1866:

Any person desiring to purchase a good stock of Dry Goods, in a good stand, with a lease of two years to run, in the city of Newark, Ohio, one of the most thriving business places of the West, are notified that P. R. Atcherley & Son will sell their entire stock, fixtures, lease, &c., on the most reasonable terms. Their stand, in the Preston House Block, is the best in the city.
Address    P. R. Atcherley & Son,
Newark, Ohio

I think it likely that Philip had by 1866 made enough money to retire. Certainly, when the US census of 1870 was taken, he was recorded as a “retired merchant” – his son James meanwhile was an attorney.

Philip Roger Atcherley died on 20 August 1871, and was buried at Newark’s Cedar Hill Cemetery. In England his life had been blighted by bankruptcy proceedings but in America Philip bounced back, and left his widow and surviving children well provided for.


Picture credits. Advertisement from The Ottawa Free Trader: from Newspapers.com, using clipping share facility. John Hossack House, Ottawa, IL: Adapted from a photo by Ivo Shandor; taken from Wikimedia Commons and used, and made available for re-use, under a Creative Commons licence. Map showing locations of Rome, NY; Davenport, IA; Ottawa, IL; Princeton, MO; and Newark, OH: Based on an original map by Uwe Dedering, taken from Wikimedia Commons and adapted, used and made available for re-use under a Creative Commons licence. Monumental inscription for Philip Roger Atcherley at Cedar Hill Cemetery, Newark, OH: Adapted from a photograph by Find A Grave contributor Shirley Myers Braunbeck, and used with her kind permission (see full image and other MIs at Cedar Hill Cemetery at MIs at Newark, Ohio).


References

[1] The Ottawa Free Trader (Ottawa, Illinois), 6 Sep 1856, page 3. Copy viewed at Newspapers.com.
[2] Iowa State Census: Census schedule of Davenport township, 1856, page 638, family 13. Copy viewed at Ancestry – Iowa, State Census Collection, 1836-1925.
[3] The Ottawa Free Trader (Illinois), 18 Oct 1856, page 3. Copy viewed at Newspapers.com.
[4] The Ottawa Free Trader (Illinois), 8 Nov 1856, page 3, column 6. Copy viewed at Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections.
[5] The Ottawa Free Trader (Illinois), 27 Jun 1857, page 4. Copy viewed at Newspapers.com.
[6] Illinois State Public Record Offices: Illinois State Marriage Records (online index). Entry for Charles Delano and Mary Acherly. Copy viewed at Ancestry – Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920.
[7] Illinois State Public Record Offices: Illinois State Marriage Records. Index created by Findmypast from FamilySearch film number 001683307. Record for Charles Delacco and Mary Achesly viewed at Findmypast – United States Marriages.
[8] 1850 United States census. Place: Ottawa, LaSalle, Illinois. Page: 207A. Copy viewed at Ancestry – 1850 United States Federal Census.
[9] The Ottawa Free Trader, 28 Sep 1850, page 1. “Hotels.” Copy viewed at Newspapers.com.
[10] 1860 United States census. Place: Ottawa, LaSalle, Illinois. Pages: 510, 511. Copies viewed at Ancestry – 1860 United States Federal Census.
[11] Elmer Baldwin (1877), History of LaSalle County, Illinois. Volume I, Chapter XVII (City of Ottawa). “Loring Delano, a native of Vermont and wife, Sarah Hardaway, from Utica, New York, in 1833, kept a hotel, and is well remembered as the host of the old ‘Fox River House,’ at that time the crack hotel of Ottawa […]. He died in 1849. His widow married Oranzo Leavens. His children are: Charles, now in Florida; James, in California; Edward, somewhere West. […] Oranzo Leavens, from Vermont, last from Canada, in 1836. […] He married the widow of Loring Delano.“ Transcripts viewed at LaSalle County Illinois Biographies, Sketches and Obituaries and History of LaSalle County, Illinois ~ 1877, Sketch of Settlers, Ottawa. Note: Given that Loring Delano appeared on the 1850 census, he clearly did not die in 1849!
[12] Illinois State Public Record Offices: Illinois State Marriage Records. Index created by Findmypast from FamilySearch film number 001683305. Record for Oranzo Leavens and Sarah Delano viewed at Findmypast – United States Marriages.
[13] Wisconsin Historical Society: Pre-1907 Vital Records Collection. Marriage of Charles Delano and Hannah Sarah Coudry. Indexed at FamilySearch, Film 1292003, Digital Folder 007615085, Image 01423, Ref ID Item 2 No. 00283.
[14] 1860 United States census. Place: Princeton, Mercer, Missouri. Page: 2. Family number: 12. W B Ballew, 23, male, Merchant, real estate $400, personal estate $2500, born Indiana. M A Ballew, 17, female, born Tennessee. Copy viewed at Ancestry – 1860 United States Federal Census.
[15] James Sutherland, Henry N McEvoy (1860), The Missouri State Gazetteer and Business Directory. Page 224. Copy viewed at Google Books.
[16] 1860 United States census. Place: Newark, Licking, Ohio. Page: 63. Family number: 83.  Copy viewed at Ancestry – 1860 United States Federal Census.
[17] Evening Express (New York, NY), 18 Apr 1860, page 2. Copy viewed at Old Fulton N.Y. Postcards (PDF).
[18] The Newark Advocate, 24 Feb 1903, page 5. Copy viewed at Ancestry – The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio).
[19] Newark Daily Advocate, 30 Mar 1896, page 5. Copy viewed at Ancestry – The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio).
[20] Newark Daily Advocate, 4 Oct 1919, page 3. Copy viewed at Ancestry – The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio).
[21] A different Christmas in the 1860’s. Viewed at The Artillery Reserve website, but no longer online.
[22] Columbus Morning Journal (Columbus, Ohio), 7 Aug 1866, page 1. Copy viewed at the Ohio Memory website.
[23] 1870 United States census. Place: Newark Ward 3, Licking, Ohio. Page: 346B. Family: 291. Copy viewed at Ancestry – 1870 United States Federal Census.
[24] Philip R. Atcherley. At: Find A Grave (website, accessed 24 Dec 2017).

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